Orsholon Dialect of Urnati

Natively known as: Bagoka /baˈgoka/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
no me sikun bal qa qekin no biba qa komim em om biba>
Pronunciation: /no me siˈkun bal qa qeˈkin no biˈba qa koˈmim em om biˈba/
Orsholon Dialect of Urnati word order: and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind

Geographical Distribution

This dialect is mainly spoken in the Orsholon Region

Phonology

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: /b g k l m n p q r s v w/

↓Manner/Place→ BilabialLabiodentalAlveolarVelarLabio-velarUvular
Nasalmn
Stopp bk gq
Fricativevs
Approximantw
Trillr
Lateral approximantl

Vowel inventory: /a e i o u/   Tones: ˧  

FrontBack
Highiu
High-mideo
Lowa
 

  Syllable structure: Custom defined
Stress pattern: Second — stress is on the second syllable   Phonological changes (in order of application):  

  • t → θ
  • {ur,er} → ar
  • v → b
  • i → ia / _#
  Spelling rules:  

PronunciationSpelling
 

Morphology

Derivational morphology

Adjective → adverb = Suffix -o˧w
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Suffix -a˧
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -b
Else: Suffix -a˧b
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -i˧
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -i˧n
Noun → verb (to create [noun]) = Suffix -i˧
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -go˧
Else: Suffix -u˧go˧
Verb → adjective (likely to do [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -we˧
Else: Suffix -a˧we˧
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Suffix -a˧
Verb → noun that verb physically produces (e.g. build → building) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -knu˧
Else: Suffix -e˧knu˧
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Suffix -i˧
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -q
Else: Suffix -e˧q
Diminutive = If ends with vowel: Suffix -gvru˧
Else: Suffix -u˧gvru˧
Augmentative = If ends with vowel: Suffix -pri˧
Else: Suffix -e˧pri˧

Syntax

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject-Verb-Object-Oblique. "Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: prepositions
 

Noun

Singular No affix
min> /min/
Plural If ends with vowel: Suffix -m
Else: Suffix -i˧m
mini˧m> /miˈni˧m/
 

Articles

Orsholon Dialect of Urnati has no definite article ‘the’, or indefinite article ‘a’.  

Pronouns

1st singular o> /o/
I, me
2nd singular iq> /iq/
you
3rd singular masc me> /me/
he, him, it
3rd singular fem sor> /sor/
she, her, it
1st plural pub> /pub/
we, us
2nd plural mia> /miˈa/
you (all)
3rd plural u> /u/
they, them
 

Possessive determiners

1st singular ro> /ro/
my
2nd singular es> /es/
your
3rd singular masc qa> /qa/
his, its
3rd singular fem a> /a/
her, its
1st plural ia> /iˈa/
our
2nd plural be> /be/
your
3rd plural e> /e/
their
 

Verbs

Present If ends with vowel: Suffix -nle˧
Else: Suffix -o˧nle˧
zumeiono˧nle˧> /zuˈmeiˌono˧nle˧/
Past Suffix -a˧b
zumeiona˧b> /zuˈmeiˌona˧b/
Remote past If ends with vowel: Suffix -s
Else: Suffix -e˧s
zumeione˧s> /zuˈmeiˌone˧s/
Future Suffix -o˧
zumeiono˧> /zuˈmeiˌono˧/

 

Perfect aspect

Perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’,
which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken
but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.

In Orsholon Dialect of Urnati, the perfect is constructed with an affix

Perfect Suffix -i˧l
zumeioni˧l> /zuˈmeiˌoni˧l/
All Images created BY Kahuna the Elder, with source materials from Pixabay, Pexels, Unsplash, Artbreeder and public domain sources.

Dictionary

4294 Words.
Root Languages
Common Phrases
Qiweqo bia o aq ob amia
Without art, what is the purpose of life?

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