Urnati

Natively known as: Urnati /Urnaˈti/

  Urnati was the language spoken around the world until The Cataclysm. After thatt, most languages derived from Urnati, some changing dramatically. The common language is currently the Orsholonian dialect of this language and is understood by the vast majority of Arnathians.   ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...   no me sikun bal qa qekin no miva qa komim em om miva   Pronunciation: /no me siˈkun bal qa qeˈkin no miˈva qa koˈmim em om miˈva   Urnati word order: and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: /b g k l m n p q r s v w/

↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Velar Labio-velar Uvular
Nasal m n
Stop p b k g q
Fricative v s
Approximant w
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
 

Vowel inventory: /a e i o u/   Tones: ˧

Front Back
High i u
High-mid e o
Low a
 

  Syllable structure: Custom defined
Stress pattern: Second — stress is on the second syllable   Phonological changes (in order of application):  

  • v → m / #_V
  • g → w / V_


 

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject-Verb-Object-Oblique. "Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: prepositions
 

Noun

Singular No affix
min> /min/
Plural If ends with vowel: Suffix -m
Else: Suffix -i˧m
mini˧m> /miˈni˧m/
 

Articles

Urnati has no definite article ‘the’, or indefinite article ‘a’.

Pronouns

1st singular o> /o/
I, me
2nd singular iq> /iq/
you
3rd singular masc me> /me/
he, him, it
3rd singular fem sor> /sor/
she, her, it
1st plural pub> /pub/
we, us
2nd plural mi> /mi/
you (all)
3rd plural u> /u/
they, them
 

Possessive determiners

1st singular ro> /ro/
my
2nd singular es> /es/
your
3rd singular masc qa> /qa/
his, its
3rd singular fem a> /a/
her, its
1st plural i> /i/
our
2nd plural me> /me/
your
3rd plural e> /e/
their
 

Verbs

Present If ends with vowel: Suffix -nle˧
Else: Suffix -o˧nle˧
zumeiono˧nle˧> /zuˈmeiˌono˧nle˧/
Past Suffix -a˧b
zumeiona˧b> /zuˈmeiˌona˧b/
Remote past If ends with vowel: Suffix -s
Else: Suffix -e˧s
zumeione˧s> /zuˈmeiˌone˧s/
Future Suffix -o˧
zumeiono˧> /zuˈmeiˌono˧/

 

Perfect aspect

Perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’,
which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken
but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.

In Urnati, the perfect is constructed with an affix

Perfect Suffix -i˧l
zumeioni˧l> /zuˈmeiˌoni˧l/
 

Derivational morphology

Adjective → adverb = Suffix -o˧w
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Suffix -a˧
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -b
Else: Suffix -a˧b
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -i˧
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -i˧n
Noun → verb (to create [noun]) = Suffix -i˧
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -go˧
Else: Suffix -u˧go˧
Verb → adjective (likely to do [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -we˧
Else: Suffix -a˧we˧
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Suffix -a˧
Verb → noun that verb physically produces (e.g. build → building) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -knu˧
Else: Suffix -e˧knu˧
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Suffix -i˧
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -q
Else: Suffix -e˧q
Diminutive = If ends with vowel: Suffix -gvru˧
Else: Suffix -u˧gvru˧
Augmentative = If ends with vowel: Suffix -pri˧
Else: Suffix -e˧pri˧

All Images created BY Kahuna the Elder, with source materials from Pixabay, Pexels, Unsplash, Artbreeder and public domain sources.

Dictionary

4297 Words.
Successor Languages

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